Antioxidants and their protective role against free radicals

Antioxidants and their protective role against free radicals

Survey of literature indicates that each of the 60 trillion cells in the human body take 10,000 oxidative hits/sec due to the production of harmful molecules called free radicals. Free radicals are chemically active atoms (groups of atoms) or molecular fragments that have a charge due to an excess or deficient number of electrons. Free radicals found in living organisms ...

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What is sickle cell anemia and its Treatment

What is sickle cell anemia and its Treatment

The sickle-cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited Red Blood Cell (RBC) disorders. Healthy red blood cells are round and move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. Sickle cell anemia causes red blood cells become hard, sticky and have become sickle-shaped or “C”. These affected cells die prematurely, which causes a constant shortage of red ...

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What are the Branches of Biochemistry

Branches of Biochemistry

The cornerstone of classical biochemistry research focuses on the properties of proteins, many of which are enzymes. However, there are other disciplines that focus on the biological properties of carbohydrates (Glucobiology) and lipids (Lipobiology). For historical reasons of metabolic chemistry of the cell has been intensively investigated in important current research (as the Genome Project, whose function is to identify ...

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Phenylketonuria (PKU): What is PKU and its Treatment

Phenylketonuria

In the United States, each year about 1 in 10,000 to 15,000 babies is born with PKU. This disease occurs in all ethnic groups. But it is most common in Native Americans and northern Europeans in African Americans, or Japanese in Ashkenazi Jews. What is Phenylketonuria? Phenylketonuria (PKU for short) is a condition in which the body cannot process an amino acid ...

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The Hexose MonoPhosphate Shunt

Hexose MonoPhosphate shunt

The Hexose MonoPhosphate Shunt is also known as “Pentose phosphate Pathway” (PPP). This is alternative Glucose oxidation pathway. The hexose monophosphate pathway is used for  production of NADPH from  NADP. The NADPH is required  for  biosynthetic reactions  such  as fatty  acid synthesis, cholesterol  synthesis, drug  reduction, and as a  cofactor for  some  non-synthetic enzymatic reactions. Hexose Monophospahte shunt is the alternative ...

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Basic Overview of Carbohydrate Metabolism

Basic Overview of Carbohydrate Metabolism

Carbohydrate metabolism denotes the various biochemical processes responsible for the formation, breakdown and interconversion of carbohydrates in living organisms. The most important carbohydrate is glucose, a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that is metabolized by nearly all known organisms. Since all digestible forms of carbohydrates are eventually transformed into glucose, it is important to consider how glucose is able to provide energy ...

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What is Ion Exchange Chromatography and its Applications

Ion Exchange Chromatography

W.Cohn first developed this procedure.  The reversible exchange of ions in solution with ions electrostatically bound to some sort of insoluble support medium. Basics of Biochemical Techniques What is Paper Chromatography? Principle and Procedure Ninhydrin test or Ninhydrin reagent Ion exchange chromatography definition (or ion chromatography) is a process that allows the separation of ions and polar molecules based on ...

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