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Category Archives for "Basic Biochemistry"

What are the Branches of Biochemistry ?

The cornerstone of classical biochemistry research focuses on the properties of proteins, many of which are enzymes. However, there are other disciplines that focus on the biological properties of carbohydrates (Glucobiology) and lipids (Lipobiology). For historical reasons of metabolic chemistry of the cell has been intensively investigated in important current research (as the Genome Project, […]

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  • Updated March 15, 2016

Mitosis and its Stages in Plants and Animals

The mitosis occurs in the somatic cells and is meant for the multiplication of cell numbers during embryo-genesis and blastogenesis of plants and animals. Fundamentally, It remains related to the growth of an individual from zygote to adult stage. One of the basic characteristics of the mitotic cell division which is meant for the growth […]

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  • Updated June 30, 2019

The Cell Organelles Short Notes

The cell is the constituent unit of living matter, can constitute by itself an individual or participate with other similar elements in the formation of more complex organisms. The individuality of the cell is related to its structure and miscibility with the environment of substances that compose it. Its structure consists of elements that appear […]

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  • Updated May 15, 2015

What is Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation? (Basic Concept)

The Henderson-Hasselbalch equation provides a general solution to the quantitative treatment of acid-base equilibrium in biological system. This article explains how to derive Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation. Buffers are the mixture of weak acids and their salts of strong bases (or) the mixture of weak bases and their salts of strong acids. Simply, Buffers are important concept […]

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  • Updated January 19, 2017

What Are The Basics of pH? Do You Know The Importance?

What are the Basics of pH? The nature of the solution (acidic, alkaline (or) neutral) can be represented in terms of either hydrogen ion concentration (or) hydroxyl ion concentration. In 1909, Sorenson used a logarithmic scale for expressing the H+ concentration. This scale was called “pH”, Where “P” stands for ‘Power’ and ‘H’ for hydrogen […]

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  • Updated January 19, 2017

What is Acids and Bases? Theories behind it

What is Acid and Bases? Theories behind it: An acid (acid is a Latin word-“acidus” meaning “Sour”) was defined as a substance that its water solution tastes sour, turns blue litmus to red, and neutralizes bases soon. They have following properties: They conduct the electricity in aqueous solutions They liberate hydrogen gas with active materials […]

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  • Updated December 2, 2015