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Category Archives for "Carbohydrates"

Carbohydrates are the ‘Staff of life’ for most of the organisms. Carbohydrates are also known as “saccharides”. This category gives the complete notes on Carbohydrates.

Which of the following are Classifications of Carbohydrates?

Today we are discussing the basic concept on Carbohydrates Classification from Biomolecules chapter. Carbohydrates are the organic molecules that are composed of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. These sugars are referred to as saccharides. Carbohydrates are defined as polyhydroxy-aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones or compounds, which produce them on hydrolysis. They supply energy and serve as structural […]

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Carbohydrates are the Staff of Life. Why?

Carbohydrates have the general formula [CH2O]n where n is a number between 3 and 6. Carbohydrates function in short-term energy storage (such as sugar); as intermediate-term energy storage (starch for plants and glycogen for animals); and as structural components in cells (cellulose in the cell walls of plants and many protists), and chitin in the […]

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What are Polysaccharides? How to Classify?

Polysaccharides are carbohydrates formed by more than 9 monosaccharides linked by glycosidic bonds. Polysaccharides Classification: When they are formed by the same kind of monosaccharides, they are called homo polysaccharides, like starch, glycogen and cellulose, formed each of them by hundreds of molecules of glucose linked by glycosidic linkages. If the polysaccharides molecules are formed […]

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What is Monosaccharide? How to Classify?

Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates in that they cannot be hydrolyzed to smaller carbohydrates. They are basic units of Carbohydrates. They are made up of only one carbohydrate moiety. The general chemical formula of an unmodified monosaccharide is (C•H2O) n, literally a “carbon hydrate”. This is termed as the empirical formula. In this formula the […]

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