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Category Archives for "Carbohydrates"

Carbohydrates are the ‘Staff of life’ for most of the organisms. Carbohydrates are also known as “saccharides”. This category gives the complete notes on Carbohydrates.

What are Polysaccharides and How it was Classified?

Carbohydrates composed of ten or more monosaccharide units are classifieds polysaccharides, and their molecules are colloidal in size. They may be considered as condensation polymers in which the monosaccharides (or their derivatives such as the amino sugars and uronic acids) are joined by glycosidic linkages. By far the most important naturally occurring polysaccharides are Starch and Cellulose. […]

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  • Updated June 21, 2019

What are the Classifications of Carbohydrates? Explain with Examples

Today we are discussing the basic concept on Carbohydrates Classification from Biomolecules chapter. Carbohydrates are the organic molecules that are composed of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. These sugars are referred to as saccharides. Carbohydrates are defined as polyhydroxy-aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones or compounds, which produce them on hydrolysis. They supply energy and serve as structural […]

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  • Updated June 13, 2019

Carbohydrates are the Staff of Life. Why?

Carbohydrates have the general formula [CH2O]n where n is a number between 3 and 6. Carbohydrates function in short-term energy storage (such as sugar); as intermediate-term energy storage (starch for plants and glycogen for animals); and as structural components in cells (cellulose in the cell walls of plants and many protists), and chitin in the […]

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  • Updated October 11, 2016

What is Monosaccharide? How to Classify?

Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates in that they cannot be hydrolyzed to smaller carbohydrates. They are basic units of Carbohydrates. They are made up of only one carbohydrate moiety. The general chemical formula of an unmodified monosaccharide is (C•H2O) n, literally a “carbon hydrate”. This is termed as the empirical formula. In this formula the […]

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  • Updated January 19, 2017