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Category Archives for "Biomolecules"

Physio Chemical Properties of Amino acids? (Guide)

Amino acids are basically building blocks of proteins. This chapter includes the Physio chemical properties of Amino acids. Before going to the properties of amino acids, we should brush back the amino acids basic points. What is an Amino acids? Amino acids are biological organic molecules containing both an amino group(s) and a carboxyl groups(s). […]

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  • Updated January 19, 2017

Titration Curve of Glycine : The zwitter ionic changes

Glycine is optically inactive, simplest amino acid because which have no asymmetric carbon atom. Acid-Base titration involves the gradual addition (or) removal of protons. It has three different stages when the Glycine undergoes acid-base titration. What is Amino acid and its Structural Chemistry? Color reactions of Amino acids What is Zwitter Ion and Isoelectric point […]

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  • Updated September 14, 2016

What is Tautomerization and its changes (Basics)

Typically, this occurs as the migration of hydrogen atoms (protons) by an exchange of one single bond with a double bond. In solutions where tautomerism is possible, a chemical equilibrium between the two tautomers is obtained. The ratio of tautomers depends on many factors, including temperature, solvent, and pH. Tautomerism is a special case of […]

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  • Updated April 18, 2019

Antioxidants and their protective role against free radicals

Survey of literature indicates that each of the 60 trillion cells in the human body takes 10,000 oxidative hits/sec due to the production of harmful molecules called free radicals. Free radicals are chemically active atoms (groups of atoms) or molecular fragments that have a charge due to an excess or a deficient number of electrons. […]

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  • Updated April 18, 2019

Carbohydrates are the Staff of Life. Why?

Carbohydrates have the general formula [CH2O]n where n is a number between 3 and 6. Carbohydrates function in short-term energy storage (such as sugar); as intermediate-term energy storage (starch for plants and glycogen for animals); and as structural components in cells (cellulose in the cell walls of plants and many protists), and chitin in the […]

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  • Updated October 11, 2016

What Happened When Fructose Overload in our Body? (Infographics)

Fructose, is a Monosaccharide found in many plants. It is Keto-monosaccharide with common names Fruit sugar and Honey sugar. It is a major¬† constituent of Disaccharides like Sucrose¬†and Inulin. This infographic gives the basic idea on Fructose overload, when it is present in our body in high amount. Fructose was discovered by French chemist Augustin-Pierre […]

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  • Updated May 23, 2016