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Category Archives for "Biomolecules"

What is Tautomerization and its changes (Basics)

A tautomer is a separate type isomer by an organic compound that has the property that it can quickly change their isomeric form by chemical reaction called tautomerization. Typically, this occurs as the migration of hydrogen atoms (protons) by an exchange of one single bond with a double bond. In solutions where tautomerism is possible, […]

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Antioxidants and their protective role against free radicals

Survey of literature indicates that each of the 60 trillion cells in the human body takes 10,000 oxidative hits/sec due to the production of harmful molecules called free radicals. Free radicals are chemically active atoms (groups of atoms) or molecular fragments that have a charge due to an excess or a deficient number of electrons. […]

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Carbohydrates are the Staff of Life. Why?

Carbohydrates have the general formula [CH2O]n where n is a number between 3 and 6. Carbohydrates function in short-term energy storage (such as sugar); as intermediate-term energy storage (starch for plants and glycogen for animals); and as structural components in cells (cellulose in the cell walls of plants and many protists), and chitin in the […]

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What Happened When Fructose Overload in our Body? (Infographics)

Fructose, is a Monosaccharide found in many plants. It is Keto-monosaccharide with common names Fruit sugar and Honey sugar. It is a major¬† constituent of Disaccharides like Sucrose¬†and Inulin. This infographic gives the basic idea on Fructose overload, when it is present in our body in high amount. Fructose was discovered by French chemist Augustin-Pierre […]

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