Category Archives for "Biomolecules"

What are Lipids ? What are the Importance in Human Body

Lipids are involved mainly with long-term energy storage. They are generally insoluble in polar substances such as water. Secondary functions of lipids include structural components (as in the case of phospholipids that are the major building block in cell membranes) and “messengers” (hormones) that play roles in communications within and between cells. Lipids Definition: Lipids are a […]

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  • Updated January 22, 2019

Basic Components of Nucleic Acids – Purines and Pyrimidines

One of the important specialized pathways of amino acids and the synthesis of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides. These nucleotides are important for a number of reasons. Most of them, not just ATP, are the sources of energy that drive most of our reactions. ATP is the most commonly used source but GTP is used in […]

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  • Updated April 7, 2015

Learn Amino Acids Classification and its Basics

In this article, we are adding Amino acids Classification details. Amino acids are the building blocks of the molecular structure of the important and complex class of a compound known as Proteins. The proteins on hydrolysis yield mixtures of the component amino acids. Therefore, to understand the structure and chemistry of proteins, we have to […]

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  • Updated April 12, 2019

What is Amino acid and its Structural Chemistry?

What is Amino acid? Amino acids are monomeric units of proteins. Proteins are high molecular weight organic polymer. Although about 200 to 300 amino acids occur in nature, only 20 of them are seen in human body. What is Amino Acid ? Before going to discuss what is amino acids, we want to discuss few […]

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  • Updated December 2, 2015

Qualitative Analysis : Color Reactions of Lipids

Lipids are one of the major constituents of foods and are important in our diet for a number of reasons. They are a major source of energy and provide essential lipid nutrients. Nevertheless, over-consumption of certain lipid components can be detrimental to our health, e.g. cholesterol and saturated fats. In many foods, the lipid component […]

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  • Updated August 17, 2019

What is Monosaccharide? How to Classify?

Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates in that they cannot be hydrolyzed to smaller carbohydrates. They are basic units of Carbohydrates. They are made up of only one carbohydrate moiety. The general chemical formula of an unmodified monosaccharide is (C•H2O) n, literally a “carbon hydrate”. This is termed as the empirical formula. In this formula the […]

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  • Updated January 19, 2017