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Category Archives for "Clinical Biochemistry"

What is Pituitary Gland and its Secretions?

The human Pituitary gland is reddish–Grey, an oval structure about 10mm in diameter in the brain just behind the optic chiasma as an extension of the field the hypothalamus. The average weight of the gland in females is a 0.5–0.6gm and in males is 0.6 to 0.7 gm.  The Pituitary gland location below the Hypothalamus of […]

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  • Updated April 8, 2019

What is Endocrine system and its secreting Hormones

The study of Endocrine glands and their functions are called ‘Endocrinology’ the term introduced by PENDE. Vertebrates has been attained their systems in evolution. The systems are Respiratory system, Circulatory system, excretory system, Digestive system, Nervous system, Endocrine system and some other systems. In this there are two integrated systems functioning in Homeostasis in vertebrates […]

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  • Updated May 28, 2016

Blood MCQ: Biochemistry Practice Tests series

Welcome to Biochemistry MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) examinations zone. These questions are designed based on the Topic “Composition of Blood”.  Recently i have posted one article on Composition of Blood and Biochemistry video lecture also. Before going to start this test please verify my previous biochemistry study materials in this blog. Basics of Biochemistry What […]

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  • Updated January 10, 2018

What is the Composition of Blood ?

Blood is a connective tissue, flowing through capillaries, veins and arteries of all vertebrates. The red color is characteristic due to the presence of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. It is a type of connective tissue specialized with a matrix colloidal liquid and a complex constitution. It is a solid phase (formed elements), which includes the erythrocytes (or red blood cells), the leukocytes (white blood cells) and platelets, and a liquid […]

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  • Updated July 16, 2017

What is sickle cell anemia and its Treatment

The sickle-cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited Red Blood Cell (RBC) disorders. Healthy red blood cells are round and move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. Sickle cell anemia causes red blood cells become hard, sticky and have become sickle-shaped or “C”. These affected cells die prematurely, which causes […]

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  • Updated May 28, 2016

What are the Hormones of Gonads and its functions

The Gonads (testes in males, ovaries in females) perform closely related dual functions. Synthesize Sex hormones Produce Germ Cells The steroid sex hormones (gonads secretions) are responsible for growth, development, maintenance and regulation of reproductive system. Sex hormones are essentially required for the development of germ cells. Hormones of Gonads: The sex hormones are categorized […]

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  • Updated May 28, 2016
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