Category Archives for "Clinical Biochemistry"

Plasma Proteins: Types and Functions (Basic Notes)

The proteins present in the plasma of human blood are a mixture of simple proteins, glycoproteins, lipoproteins, and other conjugated proteins are called “Plasma Proteins“. Salt precipitation, immunological technique, and electrophoresis may separate these. Types of Plasma Proteins The three major fractions of plasma proteins are known as Albumin, globulin, and Fibrinogen. On a finer […]

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  • Updated April 8, 2019

Hormonal Action: How Hormones are working in Animals

Hormonal action at the cellular level begins with the association of the hormone and its specific receptor. Hormone can be classified by the nature of the signal (or) second messenger used to mediate hormonal action within the cell. A number of these second messengers have been defined, but for several hormones the intracellular signal has […]

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  • Updated July 16, 2017

THYROID GLAND : Anatomy, Secretions and its Function

Anatomy of gland: The thyroid gland is the largest endocrine gland in the body. Thyroid Gland consists two lobes, locates either side of and anterior to the trachea just below the larynx. The two lobes are connected by a narrow bridge called “ISTHUMUS”, so the gland looks like ‘H’ shape. The weight of the thyroid […]

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  • Updated January 19, 2017

Adrenal Hormones : Glands and its Secretions

Adrenal gland locates on the topside of the kidney. In human, two adrenals are present on each kidney. Histologically, the adrenal has two distinct parts namely, An outer covering called the “Cortex” surrounding by an inner dark-colored mass called the “Medulla”. Adrenal Cortex: The adrenal cortex is made up of three layers, Zona Glomerulosa: Outer […]

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  • Updated April 7, 2015

What happens to Blood Sugar after a Meal?

It is usually an increase in blood sugar after a meal because many foods contain of glucose. More sugar or carbohydrate content of food is high blood sugar to rise. Some foods, such as refined carbohydrates, which for sudden and slowly rise in blood sugar. Others, such as those high in fiber, increase due to […]

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  • Updated May 5, 2016

Insulin: Pancreatic Peptide Hormone -2

This is the continuous part of “Peptide hormone: Pancreatic secretions-1“. This chapter explains the second pancreatic hormone Insulin structure, biosynthesis, mechanism and Functions. Pancreatic Hormone – Insulin: Structure: In 1926, “ABEL” isolated crystalline insulin from pancreas. Insulin (insulaL =island) was first isolated in 1922 for the pancreas of dogs by Banting & Best of the […]

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  • Updated May 2, 2016