Category Archives for "Clinical Biochemistry"

What is sickle cell anemia and its Treatment

The sickle-cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited Red Blood Cell (RBC) disorders. Healthy red blood cells are round and move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. Sickle cell anemia causes red blood cells become hard, sticky and have become sickle-shaped or “C”. These affected cells die prematurely, which causes […]

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What are the Hormones of Gonads and its functions

The Gonads (testes in males, ovaries in females) perform closely related dual functions. Synthesize Sex hormones Produce Germ Cells The steroid sex hormones (gonads secretions) are responsible for growth, development, maintenance and regulation of reproductive system. Sex hormones are essentially required for the development of germ cells. Hormones of Gonads: The sex hormones are categorized […]

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Plasma Proteins: Types and Functions (Basic Notes)

The proteins present in the plasma of human blood are a mixture of simple proteins, glycoproteins, lipoproteins and other conjugated proteins are called “Plasma Proteins“. These may be separated by salt precipitation, immunological technique and electrophoresis. Basics of Biochemical Techniques Types of Plasma Proteins: The three major fractions of plasma proteins are known as Albumin, […]

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Hormonal Action: How Hormones are working in Animals

Hormonal action at the cellular level begins with the association of the hormone and its specific receptor. Hormone can be classified by the nature of the signal (or) second messenger used to mediate hormonal action within the cell. A number of these second messengers have been defined, but for several hormones the intracellular signal has […]

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