Category Archives for "Clinical Biochemistry"

THYROID GLAND : Anatomy, Secretions and its Function

Anatomy of gland: The thyroid gland is the largest endocrine gland in the body. Thyroid Gland consists two lobes, locates either side of and anterior to the trachea just below the larynx. The two lobes are connected by a narrow bridge called “ISTHUMUS”, so the gland looks like ‘H’ shape. The weight of the thyroid […]

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Adrenal Hormones : Glands and its Secretions

Adrenal gland locates on the topside of the kidney. In human, two adrenals are present on each kidney. Histologically, the adrenal has two distinct parts namely, An outer covering called the “Cortex” surrounding by an inner dark-colored mass called the “Medulla”. Adrenal Cortex: The adrenal cortex is made up of three layers, Zona Glomerulosa: Outer […]

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What happens to Blood Sugar after a Meal?

It is usually an increase in blood sugar after a meal because many foods contain of glucose. More sugar or carbohydrate content of food is high blood sugar to rise. Some foods, such as refined carbohydrates, which for sudden and slowly rise in blood sugar. Others, such as those high in fiber, increase due to […]

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Insulin: Pancreatic Peptide Hormone -2

This is the continuous part of “Peptide hormone: Pancreatic secretions-1“. This chapter explains the second pancreatic hormone Insulin structure, biosynthesis, mechanism and Functions. Pancreatic Hormone – Insulin: Structure: In 1926, “ABEL” isolated crystalline insulin from pancreas. Insulin (insulaL =island) was first isolated in 1922 for the pancreas of dogs by Banting & Best of the […]

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