Category Archives for "Carbohydrate metabolism"

This is the Intermediary Metabolism category. In this category included Carbohydrate metabolism, Amino acid Metabolism, Nucleic Acid Metabolism, Lipid Metabolism and Biological oxidation.

What are the Fate of Pyruvate Molecules after Glycolysis

Glycolysis is taking place in Cytoplasm. So Pyruvate is generated in Cytoplasm. This is to be transports into mitochondria by a Pyruvate transporter. It is a simport, where the hydrogen ion is transporter. Here two different enzymes are involved based on the condition. They are Pyruvate dehydrogenase and Lactate dehydrogenase enzymes. There are 2 different […]

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What is Gluconeogenesis? What are the Steps and Importance in Metabolism?

Gluconeogenesis is the process of synthesizing glucose from non-carbohydrate sources. The process takes place mainly in the liver and limited extent in the kidney and small intestine under some conditions. It is also called “Endogenous glucose Production” (EGP). It is one of the metabolic pathways. The production of glucose from other carbon skeletons is necessary since […]

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Hexose MonoPhosphate Shunt and its Significance (HMP Shunt)

The Hexose MonoPhosphate Shunt is also known as “Pentose phosphate Pathway” (PPP). This is alternative Glucose oxidation pathway. The hexose monophosphate pathway is used for production of NADPH from NADP. The NADPH is required  for  biosynthetic reactions  such  as fatty  acid synthesis, cholesterol  synthesis, drug  reduction, and as a  cofactor for  some  non-synthetic enzymatic reactions. Hexose Monophospahte shunt […]

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Basic Overview of Carbohydrate Metabolism

Carbohydrate metabolism denotes the various biochemical processes responsible for the formation, breakdown and interconversion of carbohydrates in living organisms. The most important carbohydrate is glucose, a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that is metabolized by nearly all known organisms. Since all digestible forms of carbohydrates are eventually transformed into glucose, it is important to consider how glucose […]

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