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Category Archives for "Carbohydrate metabolism"

This is the Intermediary Metabolism category. In this category included Carbohydrate metabolism, Amino acid Metabolism, Nucleic Acid Metabolism, Lipid Metabolism and Biological oxidation.

What are the Fate of Pyruvate Molecules after Glycolysis?

Glycolysis is taking place in Cytoplasm. So Pyruvate is generated in Cytoplasm. This is to be transported into mitochondria by a Pyruvate transporter. It is a simport, where the hydrogen ion is a transporter. Here two different enzymes are involved based on the condition. They are Pyruvate dehydrogenase and Lactate dehydrogenase enzymes. There are 2 […]

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  • Updated April 12, 2019

What is Gluconeogenesis? What are the Steps and Importance in Metabolism?

Gluconeogenesis is the process of synthesizing glucose from non-carbohydrate sources. The process takes place mainly in the liver and limited extent in the kidney and small intestine under some conditions. It is also called “Endogenous glucose Production” (EGP). It is one of the metabolic pathways. The production of glucose from other carbon skeletons is necessary since […]

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  • Updated April 12, 2019

What is Hexose MonoPhosphate Shunt and its Significance? (HMP Shunt)

The Hexose Monophosphate Shunt is also known as “Pentose Phosphate Pathway” (PPP). This is an alternative Glucose oxidation pathway. The hexose monophosphate pathway is used for the production of NADPH from NADP. The NADPH is required for biosynthetic reactions such as fatty acid synthesis, cholesterol synthesis, drug reduction, and as a  cofactor for some non-synthetic enzymatic reactions. Hexose Monophosphate shunt […]

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  • Updated April 12, 2019

Basic Overview of Carbohydrate Metabolism

Carbohydrate metabolism denotes the various biochemical processes responsible for the formation, breakdown and interconversion of carbohydrates in living organisms. The most important carbohydrate is glucose, a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that is metabolized by nearly all known organisms. Since all digestible forms of carbohydrates are eventually transformed into glucose, it is important to consider how glucose […]

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  • Updated May 28, 2016

Glycogenesis: How to Synthesize Glycogen

“Synthesis of Glycogen from Glucose is called GLYCOGENESIS. It takes place in the Cytosol and requires ATP and UTP, besides Glucose.” The goal of glycolysis, glycogenolysis, and the citric acid cycle is to conserve energy as ATP from the catabolism of carbohydrates. If the cells have sufficient supplies of ATP, then these pathways and cycles […]

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  • Updated May 28, 2016

Glycogenolysis : How Glycogen is Utilizing in Animals

Understanding exactly how the body works can sometimes seem like an impossible task as you have to make your way through an endless mire of different terms and interconnected processes. It’s half biology, half chemistry and half physics and all a headache. Even to understand something as seemingly simple as energy metabolism you need to […]

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  • Updated July 16, 2017