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What are the Classifications of Carbohydrates? Explain with Examples

Today we are discussing the basic concept on Carbohydrates Classification from Biomolecules chapter. Carbohydrates are the organic molecules that are composed of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. These sugars are referred to as saccharides. Carbohydrates are defined as polyhydroxy-aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones or compounds, which produce them on hydrolysis. They supply energy and serve as structural […]

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  • Updated June 13, 2019

Carbohydrates are the Staff of Life. Why?

Carbohydrates have the general formula [CH2O]n where n is a number between 3 and 6. Carbohydrates function in short-term energy storage (such as sugar); as intermediate-term energy storage (starch for plants and glycogen for animals); and as structural components in cells (cellulose in the cell walls of plants and many protists), and chitin in the […]

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  • Updated October 11, 2016

What Happened When Fructose Overload in our Body? (Infographics)

Fructose, is a Monosaccharide found in many plants. It is Keto-monosaccharide with common names Fruit sugar and Honey sugar. It is a major  constituent of Disaccharides like Sucrose and Inulin. This infographic gives the basic idea on Fructose overload, when it is present in our body in high amount. Fructose was discovered by French chemist Augustin-Pierre […]

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  • Updated May 23, 2016

Multiple Choice Question – MCQ on Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are widely distributed in plants and animals to fulfill both structural and metabolic roles. In plants, synthesized out CO2 and water by photosynthesis and steroid as starch or changed to cellulose to provide framework. Animals can synthesize some carbohydrate from fat and protein. However, the bulk of animal carbohydrate is derived from plants. Notes […]

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  • Updated September 27, 2017

What is Monosaccharide? How to Classify?

Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates in that they cannot be hydrolyzed to smaller carbohydrates. They are basic units of Carbohydrates. They are made up of only one carbohydrate moiety. The general chemical formula of an unmodified monosaccharide is (C•H2O) n, literally a “carbon hydrate”. This is termed as the empirical formula. In this formula the […]

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  • Updated January 19, 2017